What are the different types of Roses?

Roses make a great addition to any garden and with the different varieties available there is no excuse for not finding one to fit your plot. Below is a brief explantation of the varieties that we have available here at Larch Cottage. If you need any further advise please don’t hesitate to contact us and we will be happy to advise.

Have a look at our rose section to see the roses we have available


ALBA:  Early summer flowering roses, often scented & extremely disease resistant. Can withstand poor soil/ shade.    

BOURBON: Popular in Victorian times for their repeat flowering. They tend to have a rich scent.

CENTIFOLIA: Flowering once in a season, but have exquisite perfume. Requires firm pruning to achieve a well grown shrub.               

CHINA: Long flowering season, but very little scent. Shiny foliage.         

DAMASK:    Continuous flowerers with distinctive Damask perfume.                                    

ENGLISH:    Shrubby growth with a strong fragrance. Nearly all repeat flower in suitable conditions.            

FLORIBUNDA:  Suitable for bedding as they give prolonged flowering from June-Oct. Also good for hedging.

GALLICA:   A very old type of rose which is compact and usually scented. Flowering once in mid to late June.                       

GROUND COVER:   Ideal for planting under shrubs, in large beds or cascading down banks.                

HYB. PERPETUAL: Mostly repeat flowerers, with strong fragrance. Darker colours grow best in part shade.                 

HYBRID MUSK: Large clusters of flowers, usually scented. Ideal for hedging, group planting or specimen.    

MODERN SHRUB   Many have old style flowers and are usually continual flowerers.                                        

MOSS:  Given their name due to the moss-like growth around the bud which produces a strong balsalm fragrance.                

PIMPINELLIFOLIA:  Particularly good for hedging.                                       

POLYANTHA:   Flower continuously, suitable for small gardens.                                                

PORTLAND:Well suited to being grown in pots or urns. Continuous or repeat flowerers.

RUGOSA:  Highly scented, ornamental hips. Flower more than once in a season. Suitable for poor conditions.                                

SPECIES:   Usually single flowers. Suited to a wild gardens or mixed shrubberies. May take upto 3yrs to flower.                    

SWEET BRIAR:  Usually covered in sharp thorns making them ideal for tall informal hedges and concealing items


Usually large flowers and mostly repeat flowerers. They are ideal for climbing on walls and garden arches. To create plenty of flowers train the rose branches horizontally or on a slant. This produces new flowering shoots all along the branch instead of just at the growing tip.


These have small flowers in large clusters or sprays and tend to have very long stems shooting up from the base of the plant. They are usually once flowering and fragrant. They are more lax in growth and are excellent for growing through trees and shrubs or up trellises and pergolas. They are ideal for covering large areas and require little pruning.

STANDARD:  A stem or tree rose which is grafted at an approximate height of 100cm

HALF STANDARD: A stem or tree rose which is grafted at an approximate height of 80c

WEEPING STANDARDLong pliable canes create a cascading effect, often reaching ground level


 “But he who dares not grasp the thorn 
Should never crave the rose.” 

A quote from the Poem ‘Grasping Thorns’ by Anne Bronte

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